Different types of gold jewelry

When you purchase gold jewelry, there are a variety of options to choose from. Let’s start with colors as gold jewelry comes in a variety of different colors.


Gold jewelry isn’t always completely pure gold. Gold is an alloy, i.e., a combination of gold along with one or more metals. In jewelry, gold is alloyed with a number of metals such as zinc, silver, nickel, copper or palladium. The most common colors of gold jewelry are yellow, rose, white and green.

Yellow gold

Yellow gold is the result of combining pure gold with copper, silver, and zinc. This is regarded as the purest color in jewelry. It is also hypoallergenic and amongst all the available colors it requires the least amount of maintenance.

White gold 

White gold is the result of a combination of platinum and gold. In some cases, palladium is used instead of platinum. However, it can also be made from a combination of palladium, gold, zinc, and nickel. White gold is a lot more scratch-resistant and durable than yellow gold. It is also a cheaper alternative compared to platinum and yellow gold.

Rose gold

Rose gold (also called pink gold) is an alloy of silver, gold, and copper. It gets its rose color from copper. It is also a lot more affordable than the other variants because of the copper content. Moreover, it is also more durable and long-lasting than white or yellow gold.

Green gold

Green gold (also called Electrum) is an alloy of silver, gold, and copper sometimes. Silver is responsible for giving this alloy its green color.

So which gold color is the one that is most popular?

There was a time when yellow gold was the most preferable option. However, when the price of gold became too high, people began to opt for white gold. Therefore the past 30 years or so white gold has been preferred, especially in the choice of wedding rings or engagement rings.

Polish Gold

Apart from being beautiful, gold is a soft metal as well and therefore needs regular maintenance. Gold items should ideally be polished one or two times in a year. This is because if gold articles are polished too frequently, they can be severely damaged. But if you are careful and diligent, you can restore the shine of your gold items. The following techniques detail how to do a normal gold polish, remove scratches, and protect your gold.

Method 1: Routine to Polish Gold

Step 1

Take a bowl and fill it with water. Small amounts of baking soda and dish soap need to be added. Place the gold in the mixture. Now you need to leave it there for a few minutes.

Step 2

Use a toothbrush with soft bristles for scrubbing the gold. In this case, a toothbrush that is of a smaller size is best suited for this. Make sure that you are scrubbing the article gently. There is no need for applying much pressure. Ensure that you scrub the crevices if any.

Step 3

Now you can rinse the article. After scrubbing, you need to run the gold under warm water. You need to ensure that all the mixture has been washed away. Examine the gold to see if there is any tarnish left.

Step 4

Use a cloth to wipe the gold dry. Be careful that you use a soft cloth for drying the gold off. Avoid using paper towels or products like that as they can leave scratches on the gold. Alternatively, you can let it dry in the air.

Step 5

To finish the gold polish, wipe the gold article with a jeweler’s cloth. Wipe the surface gently along with any debris that may have remained. If there isn’t any left, wipe the article a few more times to increase the shine of the gold.

Method 2: Removing Scratches from Gold

Step 1

Gold particles can be cleaned using water and dish soap. Begin by taking a bowl of water and adding a slight amount of dish soap. Take a clean and soft dishcloth and dip it into the mixture. Rub the surface of the gold article gently. Then wash the article with water and then allow it to dry in the air.

Step 2 (polish gold)

Make a mixture of ammonia and water in a bowl. The mixture should be six parts of water and one-part ammonia. Ammonia can be easily acquired from any general store. You should ensure that you are wearing gloves while handling the ammonia.

Step 3

Now immerse the gold article in the mixture. Let it stay there for one minute. You should not leave the article in that mixture for more than a minute.

Step 4

Using a tissue, wipe the gold. Once you have taken the article out of the mixture, examine it to see if any scratches remain. You can either dry the gold using a tissue or you can let it dry in the air. Repeat the procedure as many times as you have to.

Method 3: Gold Protection

You should avoid wearing gold during any activity that may cause you to sweat. Sweat can lead to damaging your gold as it is acidic. If it isn’t possible to take it off while you’re doing that activity, then make sure that you wipe the article with a soft cloth afterward.

Avoid using the lotion while you are wearing gold. The lotion is amongst the list of cosmetic items that can damage gold. Perfume and hairspray are also cosmetics that can damage gold. 

You have to be careful in your movements if you are wearing gold. You have to be careful that the gold you are wearing doesn’t bump into other things as that can give it scratches and damage it.

Limit the extent to which you wear gold. If you have gold that is less durable, then limit wearing it on a daily basis.

One of the simplest things to do in the case of tarnished gold is spraying it with WD-40. Let WD-40 settle for around five minutes and rinse it using clean water, you will definitely see the results.

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